The categories used in this database were chosen by the team after careful consideration of available information and user needs. Here, the key categories used for publications, businesses and intermediaries are defined.

Resource types (only for publications)
Market Intelligence Publications including detailed analysis or data about BoP markets, products or customers
Case Study Publications covering specific example(s) of inclusive business enterprise
Report Reports, articles, sector overviews, working and discussion papers
Checklist or Factsheet Concise overviews on specific topics or issues. Usually only a few pages long.
Tool or Technical Guide Practical and/or technical guidance
Interview Audio, video or transcript interviews
Inclusive Business Topics
Serving BoP clients Business models that reach low income consumers. This topic can embrace distribution, awareness, product design, financing, market building.
Sourcing from the BoP Business models that engage low-income workers and suppliers. This topic covers sourcing from BoP producers, often farmers
Inclusive Business Models, Strategy and Scale Inclusive business planning tools, strategies for scale, assessment of models
Policy and Government Policy issues and the wider ecosystem for inclusive business; resources from or for donors and policy makers
Finance for Inclusive Business Finance for inclusive business growth, e.g. impact investing, accessing funding
Corporates in Inclusive Business Corporate business models that engage the BoP, publications specifically targeted at or written about MNCs
Partnerships Business to business, business to government, or business to NGO partnerships within inclusive business models
Climate-friendly Inclusive business models that mitigate or adapt to climate change
Women Empowerment Inclusive businesses that involve and empower women
Results Measurement and Impact Approaches to measurement of results, findings on results of inclusive businesses
Agriculture or Food Agricultural production, processing; food production and food products targeted at the BoP
Energy Renewable energy targeted at BoP households and communities
Health Healthcare and related services
Education Education and training
Water, Sanitation or Waste Management Water supply and treatment, sanitation services and hygiene, waste services and recycling
Housing or Construction Residential infrastructure
Retail, Manufacturing or Consumer Goods FMCG and other retail goods for BOP consumers, manufacturing with BoP engagement
Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Information and communication services for BoP users, business models that harness information technology (SMS, web, other)
Financial Services Financial services for BoP consumers and entrepreneurs and financial inclusion approaches (banking, insurance, mobile finance etc.)
Organisation Type (only for intermediaries listing)
Development Finance Institution Financial organisations owned or backed by governments that provide finance to the private sector for investments that promote development.
Impact investment fund/ impact investment fund manager/ impact focused venture capital fund Organisations that invest in inclusive businesses with the intention of generating a positive social impact alongside a financial return.
Commercial bank Mainstream banks that offer products and services to SMEs
Private equity fund/ Private equity fund manager/ venture capital fund Equity funds, investment funds or their managers that include SMEs in their target group, with no specific focus on impact.
Challenge Fund/ Programme/ Facility Organisations or programmes that provide support to inclusive businesses through grants, loans, award schemes and other facilitation to support development of the business and draw on philanthropic and donor finance.
Accelerator/Incubator Organisations that help nurture business ideas and help develop inclusive business models as well as those that provide acceleration support to existing inclusive businesses.
Consultancy Organisations that provide consulting services to inclusive businesses.
NGO Non-governmental organisations for which providing technical assistance/advisory support to inclusive businesses is a core function.
Foundation Private foundations that provide direct (to inclusive businesses) or indirect (to intermediaries) financial or technical support. Foundations may also engage the inclusive business ecosystem through Program Related Investments or Mission Related Investments.
Government/Donor/State-owned enterprise Governments and donor organisations (bilateral and mulilateral organisations) that support inclusive business.
Network/ Business Association/Membership organisation/Knowledge platform Organisations that provide networking and knowledge exchange opportunities to inclusive businesses, including online platforms.
Academia Academia refers to academic institutions that undertake research relevant to inclusive business.
Finance (only for intermediaries listing)
Any finance Organisations that provide any type of financial support to inclusive businesses: equity, debt, grant or other. These include those organisations that don’t specify the type of support that they provide.
Equity Investment vehicles and organisations that invest in equity in inclusive businesses, and/or quasi-equity deals.
Debt financing Organisations that provide loans to inclusive businesses.
Grants/awards Organisations that provide grants or financial awards to inclusive businesses.
Guarantees Organisations that provide loan guarantees to inclusive businesses to enable them to access finance from commercial banks.
Technical support (only for intermediaries listing)
Any technical support Organisations that provide any type of technical support to inclusive businesses.
One-to-one advisory support, consulting services Organisations that provide individual support and consulting services to businesses.
Mentoring, talent placement, volunteering Organisations that offer business guidance and mentoring, HR and recruitment support as well as volunteer placements to support the growth of inclusive businesses.
Training, and other classroom based support (online/offline) Organisations that offer training courses (online or face to face) on key aspects of starting and running an inclusive business.
Partnership brokering, investment facilitation, networking Organisations that help inclusive businesses find suitable partners to help grow their business, organisations that find potential investors for businesses, and organisations that provide networking opportunities. This includes crowd funding organisations and co-working spaces.
Information sharing, resources and publications Organisations that share information and develop resources about inclusive business as well as facilitate and promote the exchange of knowledge.
Fellowship Organisations that provide fellowship programmes to practitioners to help hone their inclusive business skills.
Advocacy Organisations that actively support and promote the growth of inclusive business.
Organisation Focus – Type (only for intermediaries listing) The type of enterprise that the organisation typically provides support to.
Organisation Focus – Stage (only for intermediaries listing) The maturity stage of the enterprise that the organisation typically provides support to.
Further information
If there are additional links to key information about the particular listing, those links will be provided here.

Database structure

Region/Country Users can search for resources by region and/or country. The search function only includes countries for which relevant items are included in the database. It does not provide a comprehensive list of all countries. The search function will be amended based on new items.
Fund/Portfolio programme (businesses only) Users can search for businesses by key investor and/or the portfolio programme they belong to. This search function only includes major investors/portfolio programmes of businesses currently listed in the database. This will be amended when new businesses are added.